||Text of BMP
||Commercial Disposal Facilities
||"Although drilling wastes from many onshore wells are managed at the well site, some wastes cannot be managed onsite" and require commercial disposal.
||Disposal in Salt Caverns
||"Salt caverns used for oil field waste disposal are created by a process called solution mining. Well drilling equipment is used to drill a hole from ...
||Optimizing land farm operations for better drill cuttings disposal
||"Land Farming: Optimizing Land Farm Operations: The addition of water, nutrients, and other amendments (e.g., manure, straw) can increase the ...
||Reuse cuttings as a fuel source
||"Reuse of Cuttings: Use of cuttings for fuel: Several trials have been conducted in the United Kingdom using oily cuttings as a fuel at a power ...
||Reuse cuttings as construction material
||"Reuse of Cuttings: Reuse of cuttings as construction material: Treated cuttings have been used in various ways: fill material, daily cover material ...
||Reuse cuttings for road spreading
||"Reuse of Cuttings: Road Spreading: One use of cuttings is to stabilize surfaces that are subject to erosion, such as roads or drilling pads. Oily ...
||Slurry Injection of Drilling Wastes
||Slurry Injection "involves grinding or processing solids into small particles, mixing them with water or some other liquid to make a slurry, and ...
||Techniques for clean mud capture for reuse
||"There are many relatively simple processes that can be used on drilling rigs to capture clean mud that would otherwise be discarded and return it to ...
||"Thermal desorption uses a non-oxidizing process to vaporize volatiles and semi-volatiles through the application of heat. Because thermal desorption ...
||Thermal Treatment Technologies
||"Thermal technologies use high temperatures to reclaim or destroy hydrocarbon-contaminated material [in drill cuttings]. Thermal treatment is the ...
||Use Cement Kiln incineration treatment for cuttings disposal
||"Incineration: Cement Kilns: In cement kilns, drilling wastes with oily components can be used in a fuel-blending program to substitute for fuel that ...
||Use closer spacing for successive casing strings
||"Drilling Smaller-Diameter Holes: Closer Spacing of Successive Casing Strings: In the past, only standard-sized bits and casings were available, such ...
||Use coiled tubing when drilling new wells
||"Drilling Smaller-Diameter Holes: Coiled Tubing Drilling: This type of drilling does not use individual sections of drill pipe that are screwed ...
||Use directional drilling to minimize number of wells drilled
||"Directional Drilling: Horizontal Drilling: Some productive formations are not thick but extend over a large lateral area. Prior to the advent of ...
||Use pneumatic drilling when possible
||"Drilling Techniques That Use Less Drilling Fluid: Pneumatic Drilling: In selected formations, wells can be drilled using air or other gases as the ...
||Use Rotary Kiln incineration treatment for cuttings disposal
||"Incineration: Rotary Kilns: Most incineration of drilling wastes occurs in rotary kilns, a mature and commercially available technology, which is ...
||Use single platform or drilling pad to drill multiple extended-reach wells
||Directional Drilling: Extended Reach Drilling: "In some situations, it is impractical or too expensive to drill wells from locations directly above ...
||Use slimhole drilling
||"Drilling Smaller-Diameter Holes: Slimhole Drilling: According to DOE (1999), slimhole wells are defined as wells in which at least 90% of the hole ...
||Use Synthetic Based Muds when possible
||"Drilling Fluid Systems That Generate Less Waste: Synthetic-based muds (SBMs) drill a cleaner hole than water-based muds (WBMs), with less sloughing, ...
||Using cuttings for wetlands restoration
||"Reuse of Cuttings: Restoration of Wetlands using cuttings: Another new application for drilling wastes involves using them as a substrate for ...