||Text of BMP
||Annual maintenance includes blading and weed control.
||Interim Reclamation of Roads: "The Standard Road: Ditches erode each time it rains. Annual maintenance including blading and weed control is ...
||Bad examples of interim reclamation
||Interim Reclamation —Good and Bad Examples: "Not so Good... Bare ground out to the rig anchors.... Long-term loss of habitat and forage.... ...
||BMPs include a variety of objectives.
||BMPs Minimize Wildlife Habitat Fragmentation and Loss: "Typical BMPs May Include: ...Reducing the Initial and Interim Size of Roads, Utilities, & ...
||Bureau roads must be designed to appropriate standard.
||Minimize Roads: "In the BLM 9113 Manual, it states: Bureau roads must be designed to an appropriate standard no higher than necessary to accommodate ...
||Bury power, flow, and pipe lines in or adjacent to the road.
||Line Placement —Reduce Fragmentation of Habitat: "Bury power, flow, and pipe lines in or adjacent to the road to eliminate cross-country vegetation ...
||Causes for less loss of habitat
||Interim Reclamation -A Paradigm Shift: "What causes less loss of habitat: A one or two acre well pad left barren for 40 years of oil or gas ...
||Centralizing production facilities provides a variety of benefits.
||Offsite, Centralized Production Facilities: "The Result: Year-round truck traffic to each individual well is significantly reduced.... Therefore, you ...
||Cover all production related pits and tanks.
||Wildlife Exclosures: "Cover all "production" related pits and tanks to exclude wildlife, regardless of pit or tank size. Migratory birds can drown in ...
||Design, construct and maintain BMPs properly to ensure full function.
||BMPs Must Be Correctly Designed, Monitored, and Maintained: "It is not enough to use BMPs, they must also be properly designed, constructed, and ...
||Develop a master plan to reduce unnecessary roads.
||Pad Design to Minimize Disturbance: "Pads do not have to be rectangular."
||Directional drilling is dependent on subsurface geology and depth of hole.
||Directional Drilling Multiple Wells On An Individual Well Pad: "The feasibility of directional drilling is dependent on the subsurface geology and ...
||Directional drilling multiple wells reduces the footprint of activity.
||Directional Drilling Multiple Wells On An Individual Well Pad: "Reduces the footprint of oil and gas activity in wildlife habitat."
||Discourage raptor perching
||Utilities —Discourage Raptor Perching: "In important sage-grouse habitat and prairie dog towns, discourage raptor perching by using anti-perching ...
||Disturbed areas should be covered with topsoil and seeded appropriately.
||Interim Reclamation: "If the disturbed areas are covered with topsoil and seeded with appropriate amounts and varieties of native species, over time, ...
||Each well pad should be smaller when there is a central frac pad.
||Centralized Fracturing & Water Piping: "This central frac pad will serve many well pads, up to four miles away. Therefore, each well pad can be ...
||Ensure the site is recontoured, stable, and fully revegetated.
||Final Reclamation: "Ensure the site is recontoured, stable, and fully revegetated. If reclamation is done correctly, over time, the habitat will ...
||Final reclamation should be focused on restoring species' habitats.
||Habitat Restoration: "Each species has its own habitat needs. Final reclamation practices should be focused on restoring important habitat where it ...
||Good examples of interim reclamation
||Interim Reclamation —Good and Bad Examples: "Good... Vegetation reestablishing on pad close to facilities.... Concentrate facilities near the ...
||Habitat mitigation reduces inpacts of habitat loss or fragmentation until full reclamation.
||Off-Site Habitat Mitigation: "In some cases, the cumulative impacts of development to wildlife habitat may necessitate taking actions to enhance ...
||Hub and spoke with oak mat pads.
||Emerging Practices Under Study To Reduce Reclamation Costs & Speed Recovery: "Hub & Spoke w/ Oak Mat Pads."