||Text of BMP
||Aquifer Storage and Recovery for large volumes of water
||Water Management: Beneficial Use: Aquifer Storage and Recovery: "Aquifer Storage and Recovery (ASR) is a proven technology for storing large volumes ...
||Availability of CBM produced water may assist restoration of impacted aquifers.
||Water Management: Beneficial Use: Industrial Use: "The availability of CBM produced water to industries such as coal mines may assist in the ...
||Baseline Studies involve water quality and surrounding soils.
||Exploration of Coal Bed Methane: Baseline Studies:"Baseline data may involve characterization of produced water, groundwater, and surface water.... ...
||CBM operators should use local terrain, noise reduction technology and camouflage to minimize impacts.
||Facilities: Aesthetics: "CBM operators can use the local terrain, noise reduction technology, and camouflage to minimize impacts for both noise and ...
||CBM provides water to ranchers for livestock purposes.
||Water Management: Beneficial Use: Livestock Watering: "The CBM produced water provided to ranchers for use as livestock water in areas currently ...
||Chlorinate the water where it is used for human consumption.
||Water Management: Treatment: Chlorination: "... where produced water could be used for beneficial human consumption, storage, or injection into ...
||Difficult land reclamation and reseeding if high SAR water is applied to routes.
||Water Management: Beneficial Use: Dust Control: "... If operators continuously apply high SAR [sodium adsorption ratio] water to access routes and ...
||Direct Surface Water Discharge is site specific
||Water Management: Disposal: Direct Surface Water Discharge: "Discharge options such as flow based discharge, rate based discharge, or other discharge ...
||Evaporation ponds can be constructed for disposal of produced water.
||Water Management: Disposal: Impoundments: "Evaporation/infiltration ponds can be constructed for the disposal of produced water.... The construction ...
||On-site health and safety precautions
||Exploration of Coal Bed Methane: Health and Safety: "...the importance of car-pooling to help minimize constructiontraffic and reduce the potential ...
||Operator places rocks around base of discharge point to prevent erosion of the soil.
||Water Management: Disposal: Direct Discharge to Land Surface: "The operator has placed rocks around the base of the discharge point to help prevent ...
||Operators inject water into deep reservoirs
||Water Management: Disposal: Deep Injection: "The rule [36.22.1400 of the Administrative Rules of Montana] establishes guidelines for the permitting ...
||Potable water as commodity
||Water Managment: Beneficial Use: Potable Water Use: "... Although there is currently no regulation that requires produced water of drinking quality ...
||Produced water of quality can recharge aquifers.
||Water Management: Beneficial Use: Aquifer Recharge: "Produced water of sufficient quality could be used to recharge surficial aquifers during drought ...
||Pumps are used for the depths of the reservoir and the extraction rate and volume.
||Facilities: Pumps: "In addition to the reduction of noise and emissions there are several other considerations when selecting pumps... The other two ...
||Quality of produced water determines the possibility of future irrigation.
||Water management: Beneficial Use: Irrigation: "... the quality of produced water would determine the extent to which the water could be used for ...
||re-seeding strategies may be implemented to provide valuable resources for livestock.
||Land Surface Reclamation: "Depending on landowner agreements, re-seeding strategies may also be implemented to provide valuable resources for ...
||Reduce air emissions from compressors and pump motors to alleviate high emissions.
||Facilities: Emissions: "Operators who find methods to reduce air emissions from compressors and pump motors can alleviate this concern. Besides ...
||Reverse Osmosis to treat produced water.
||Water Management: Treatment: Reverse Osmosis: "RO systems can be used to treat produced water and concentrate constituents into an effluent that is ...
||Site Location Recommendations, regarding visual asthetics
||Exploration of Coal Bed Methane: Site Location: "Consideration should be given to the proximity to schools, residences and other public areas, visual ...