University of Colorado at Boulder
BMP of Oil and Gas Development

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Citation Label: MT02
Publication Name: Montana Final Statewide Oil and Gas EIS and Proposed Amendment of the Powder River and Billings RMPs
Publication Type: Land Use Plan / NEPA Document
Section Name: Wildlife Appendix
Author Name: Bureau of Land Management
Other Authors: State of Montana
Contractor Name:
Publication Year: 2002
Publication No.:
External Link:

Local Source File: MT02-StatewideEISWildlifeApp.pdf
Annotation: The FEIS and Proposed Amendment to the Powder River and Billings Resource Management Plans documents and discloses the results of the environmental analysis of anticipated coal bed methane and conventional oil and gas development in the State of Montana. The Wildlife Appendix outlines a Wildlife Monitoring and Protection Plan and includes other associated documents.
Required vs.
Mostly Recommended -- An FEIS is not a decision document. Its purpose is to inform the public and interested parties of the BLM's analysis of potential impacts associated with implementing the proposed project and alternatives. Some sections of the document include required practices. See, for example, the Wildlife Appendix. The Wildlife Appendix includes both required and recommended practices. For example: Required-- "Wildlife protection measures have been put in place through lease stipulations or terms and conditions from a Biological Opinion from FWS. The following sections describe stipulations or mitigation that restrict activities through lease agreements or terms and conditions to reduce the likelihood of "take" of a federally listed species." Wildlife Monitoring and Protection Plan, pg. 11 and "In order to be exempt from the prohibitions of section 9 of the Act [ESA], the BLM must comply with the following terms and conditions ... These terms and conditions are non-discretionary." p.34, USFWS Biological and Conference Opinions. But see, list of recommended practices on pages 18 - .
Ownership: Ownership: Federal Lands, but other private and state owned lands may join into the partnership and have these BMPs apply to them as well, “The WMPP will be implemented on federal lands, including split estate, in cooperation with state agencies, federal agencies, tribal representatives, Operators, and landowners. If owners and managers of state and private mineral development are willing to incorporate this guidance into management of their CBM activities, they may become a partner by entering into a Cooperative Agreement.” Pg. 3